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C17-18 Industrialization and Urbanization

Page history last edited by Cher McDonald 2 months, 2 weeks ago

Chapters 17 and 18 Industrialization and the Age of the City

As the factories grew, so did the cities around them.  The growth of cities was rapid with concentrations of workers in the ghettos and tenements in cities across the country.  

The specific focus of this unit will be on:

A. Corporate consolidation of industry

B. Effects of technological development on the worker and workplace

C. Labor and unions

D. National politics and influence of corporate power

E. Migration and immigration: the changing face of the nation

F. Proponents and opponents of the new order, e.g., Social Darwinism and Social Gospel

G. Urbanization and the lure of the city

H. City problems and machine politics

I. Intellectual and cultural movements and popular entertainment

 

Reading Assignments:

Unfinished Nation Chapters 17-18                  Pgs 395-403, 410-416, 418-421, 427-429

Textbook Chapters:

Ch. 17 Brinkley.pdf

Ch. 18 Brinkley.pdf

 

 

Class Notes:

C17-18 Industrialization & Urbanization.pdf

 

 

 

Homework Assignments:  

Printable copy of homework:

C17-18 Homework.pdf  

 

Part 1 - Ideas/themes to know and include in your notes: 

Pgs 395-403, 410-416, 418-421, 427-429

Chapter 17

1. Bessemer process

2. Petroleum industry

3. Henry Ford

4. Frederick Taylor

5. Limited liability corporation

6. Monopolies

7. Immigrant workforce

8. Women in the workforce

9. Knights of Labor

10. AFL

11. Homestead Strike

12. Pullman Strike

Chapter 18

13. Urban diversity and assimilation

14. American Protective Society

15. High crime rates

16. Political machine

17. Spread of public education

 

Part 2 – Essay Question: Answer all parts of the question in full 1-2 page response, with developed thesis.

1. How successful were labor unions in improving the position of workers and working conditions from 1875 to 1900?

 

Part 3 - Vocabulary: These words are from the chapter, class readings, or discussion and will be used in context or need to be defined on the weekly chapter quiz.  https://www.merriam-webster.com/ 

ambivalence

clamorous

genteel

ghetto

indigence

laissez-faire

polyglot

pragmatist

squalid

titan

pogrom

steerage 

Definitions: Fill in the correct word that matches the definition listed.

__________________1. (n.) Simultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings toward an object, person, or action

__________________2. (v.) One that is gigantic in power; like the giants who ruled the world in Greek mythology

__________________3. (n.) An organized massacre, especially of Jews. 

__________________4. (n.) A section of a city, especially a thickly populated slum area, inhabited predominantly by members of an ethnic or other minority group, often as a result of social or economic restrictions, pressures, or hardships.

__________________5. (adj.) Noisily insistent

__________________6. (n.) The part or accommodations allotted to the passengers who travel at the cheapest rate.

__________________7. (n.) Having an aristocratic quality or flavor, related to the upper class

__________________8. (n.) A doctrine opposing governmental interference in economic affairs beyond the minimum necessary to maintain property rights and peace

__________________9. (adj.) Marked by filthiness and degradation from neglect or poverty

__________________10. (adj.) Speaking or writing several languages

__________________11. (n.) A practical approach to problems and affairs

__________________12. (n.) A level of poverty in which real hardship and deprivation are suffered and comforts of life are wholly lacking 

 

Resources

Homestead Strike         http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/peopleevents/pande04.html

AFL                                 http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=835

Great Railroad Strike    http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=224

Molly Maguires             http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=225

Knights of Labor           http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/693.html  OR http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=226

Haymarket Square        http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=227 OR http://www.chicagohs.org/dramas/overview/main.htm

Pullman Strike               http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/1029.html OR http://dig.lib.niu.edu/gildedage/pullman/index.html

Triangle Shirtwaist Fire     http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/Trianglefire/ OR http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/triangle/trianglefire.html

Eugene v. Debs              http://www.kansasheritage.org/pullman/debs.html

Samuel Gompers           http://www.aflcio.org/aboutus/history/history/gompers.cfm

Frederick Taylor and Scientific Management     http://www.netmba.com/mgmt/scientific/

Rockefeller and Standard Oil     http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/acs/1890s/rockefeller/bio2.htm

Andrew Carnegie          http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/peopleevents/pande01.html

Bessemer process         http://www.tc.umn.edu/~tmisa/NOS/1.2_invent.html

Wright Bros                   http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/wright/wright.html OR  http://www.nasm.si.edu/wrightbrothers/

Ford                                http://www.hfmgv.org/exhibits/showroom/1908/model.t.html OR http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/dt13as.html

Edison's Motion Pictures     http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/edhtml/edmvhm.html

Thomas Edison              http://www.menloparkmuseum.org/thomas-edison-and-menlo-park  OR  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/theymadeamerica/whomade/edison_lo.html  OR  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eastman/peopleevents/pande04.html

George Westinghouse     http://www.westinghousenuclear.com/Our_Company/history/george_westinghouse.shtm

Alexander Graham Bell     http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/telephone/peopleevents/pande01.html

Social Reform through Photography     http://xroads.virginia.edu/~ma01/davis/photography/reform/reform.html

History of the Salvation Army              http://alturl.com/wune2 

Louis Sullivan and the Prairie Style      http://www.prairiestyles.com/lsullivan.htm

1893 Columbian Expo                           http://xroads.virginia.edu/~ma96/wce/title.html

1890s Chronology of Events                 http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/acs/1890s/chronology.html

Ellis Island and Immigration                http://www.ellisisland.org/genealogy/ellis_island.asp

A Century of Jewish Immigration        http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/haventohome/haven-century.html

 

 

 

Chapter 17

Sources of Industrial Growth pp. 460-467

1.       Bessemer vs. open hearth

2.       Pittsburgh

3.       Petroleum industry

4.       Henry Ford

5.       Limited liability corporations

6.       Andrew Carnegie

7.       Horizontal and vertical integration

8.       John D. Rockefeller

9.       Trust agreements

Capitalism and Its Critics pp. 467-475 

10.   “self-made man”

11.   Social Darwinism

12.   Gospel of Wealth

13.   Henry George

14.   Monopolies

Industrial Workers in the New Economy pp. 475-485 

15.    Immigration

16.    Women in the workforce

17.    Child labor laws

18.    National Labor Union

19.    Great Railroad Strike

20.    Knights of Labor

21.    AFL

22.    Haymarket Square

23.    Homestead Strike

24.    Pullman Strike

Chapter 18

Urbanization of America pp. 486- 

25.   Urban diversity and assimilation

26.   African American migration

27.   Nativism and Immigration Restriction League

Urban Landscape pp. 494-497 

28.    Frederick Law Olmstead

29.    “City Beautiful” Movement

30.    Tenements

31.    Jacob Riis

Strains of Urban Life pp. 497-500 

32.   Problems in the city

33.   High crime rates

34.   Boss rule

Rise of Mass Consumerism pp. 500-502 

35.    Consumer consumption

36.    Department stores

Leisure in the Consumer Society pp. 502-508 

37.   Spectator sports

38.   Fourth of July

High Culture pp. 508-513 

39.    Social Realism

40.    Spread of public education

ambivalence

clamorous

genteel

ghetto

indigence

laissez-faire

polyglot

pragmatist

squalid

titan

pogrom

steerage 


Definitions: Fill in the correct word that matches the definition listed.

__________________1. (n.) Simultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings toward an object, person, or action

__________________2. (v.) One that is gigantic in power; like the giants who ruled the world in Greek mythology

__________________3. (n.) An organized massacre, especially of Jews.

__________________4. (n.) A section of a city, especially a thickly populated slum area, inhabited predominantly by

members of an ethnic or other minority group, often as a result of social or economic restrictions, pressures, or hardships.

__________________5. (adj.) Noisily insistent

__________________6. (n.) The part or accommodations allotted to the passengers who travel at

the cheapest rate.

__________________7. (n.) Having an aristocratic quality or flavor, related to the upper class

__________________8. (n.) A doctrine opposing governmental interference in economic affairs

beyond the minimum necessary to maintain property rights and peace

__________________9. (adj.) Marked by filthiness and degradation from neglect or poverty

__________________10. (adj.) Speaking or writing several languages

__________________11. (n.) A practical approach to problems and affairs

__________________12. (n.) A level of poverty in which real hardship and deprivation are suffered and comforts of

life are wholly lacking 


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