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Populism and Politics

Page history last edited by Cher McDonald 5 years, 4 months ago

Chapter 19. Populism and Politics

The rapid changes in the society at the end of the 19th century led to discontent and a desire for reform from many groups.  Farmers organized granges and eventually the Populist Party in an attempt to gain representation.  Progressives also worked for reform politically and socially.

The specific focus of this unit will be on:

A. Agrarian discontent and political issues of the late nineteenth century

B. Origins of Progressive reform: municipal, state, and national

C. Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson as Progressive presidents

D. Women’s roles: family, workplace, education, politics, and reform

E. Black America: urban migration and civil rights initiatives 


Reading Assignments:

Monday 1/12 RA Brinkley pp. 530-537

  • Chapter 17 Comprehension Quiz
  • Chapter 18 Reading Quiz & Chapter 18 Questions and Outline with Terms Due 

Tuesday 1/13- RA Brinkley pp. 537-545

  • Urbanization

Wednesday 1/14- 545-550

  • Tenements

Thursday  1/15- RA Take your Test!!!

  • Chapter 18 Comprehension Quiz
  • Chapter 19 Reading Quiz & Chapter 19 Questions and Outline with Terms Due 
  • Imperialism


Test for Unit 3 will be available online from Wednesday 1/14 to Monday 1/19


Election of 1896 Online Reading and Chart (http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/parties.html)


Chapter 19 Populism and Politics Class Notes.pdf  



Homework Assignments:


  1. What were the provisions of the Pendleton Act of 1883?  What were the positive and negative effects of this law on the quality of government employees hired at the turn of the last century?
  2. How was the protective tariff as an issue reflective of regional as well as agrarian-industrial divisions at the end of the 19th century?
  3. How were the Bland-Allison Act of 1878 and the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890 attempts on the part of the Democrats and Republicans to find a compromise on this issue?
  4. What were the major farmer organizations that emerged in the U. S. during the late 19th century?  Identify the major contributions that each of them made to agricultural reform.
  5. What were the major causes of the Panic of 1893?  How did Pres. Cleveland respond to this depression?
  6. What was Coxey's Army?  How was this "movement" different from socialism?
  7. Why did William McKinley win the 1896 presidential election?  How did he make good on his campaign promises?


Terms: All terms should be defined (d) and the significance explained (s).

  1. Civil War Pensions
  2. Stalwarts, Half-Breeds, and Mugwumps
  3. Pendleton Act
  4. Election of 1884
  5. McKinley Tariff of 1890
  6. Interstate Commerce Act
  7. Grangers
  8. Farmer’s Alliance
  9. Mary Lease
  10. Chautauquas
  11. Populist [Peoples'] Party
  12. Free silver
  13. Omaha Platform
  14. Panic of 1893
  15. "Crime of '73"
  16. William Jennings Bryan
  17. bimetallism
  18. Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1890)
  19. "Front-Porch" campaign
  20. Gold Standard Act of 1900


Extra Credit

__________________  1. Federal law that offered generous land to poorer farmers but also provided the unscrupulous with opportunities for hoaxes and fraud

__________________  2. Third political party that emerged in the 1890’s to express rural grievances and mount major attacks on the democrats and republicans

__________________  3. Former “Indian Territory” where “sooners” tried to get the jump on “boomers” when it was open for settlement in 1889.

__________________  4. The theory that the availability of the frontier lessened social conflict in America by providing economic opportunities for eastern workers.

__________________  5. Farmers’ organization that began as a secret social group and expanded into such activities as profarmer politics and lawmaking

__________________  6. Broad-based organizations of the 1880’s that drew both black and white agriculturalists into social, economic, and political activity



Explanation of currency and legislation around minting of gold and silver - well worth reading.  http://www.gold-eagle.com/gold_digest_05/stott090506.html 


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