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Exam Review

Page history last edited by Cher McDonald 1 year ago

Review Topics: 

Review Colonial Era.pdf

Review Revolution.pdf

Review Constitution.pdf   

Review War Of 1812 to Jackson.pdf 

Review 1840s and 1850s.pdf

Review Civil War & Reconstruction.pdf 

Review Transforming the Nation.pdf

Review Reformers.pdf

Review Immigration.pdf

Review Imperialism to 1920s.pdf

Review Great Depression to Cold War.pdf

Review 1950s to Today.pdf 

Review US Economy.pdf     

Review Foreign Policy.pdf   

Review Religion.pdf 

Review Political Parties.pdf  

 

 

Period 1 Key Concepts.docx

Period 2 Key Concepts.docx

Period 3 Key Concepts.docx

Period 4 Key Concepts.docx

Period 5 Key Concepts.docx

Period 6 Key Concepts.docx

Period 7 Key Concepts.docx

Period 8 Key Concepts.docx

Period 9 Key Concepts.docx

 

Overview of the Test:   

  • Both the multiple-choice and the free-response sections cover the period from the first European explorations of the Americas to the present, although a majority of questions are on the 19th and 20th centuries.
  • The exam is 3 hours and 15 minutes in length and consists of three sections: a 55-minute multiple-choice section, a 40 minute short answer question, and a 100-minute free-response essay section.

Multiple Choice

  • The AP U.S. History Exam tests knowledge of U.S. History from the first European explorations of the Americas up through modern times.
  • The bulk of the questions focuses on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
  • Exam topics include political institutions and behavior, public policy, social and economic change, diplomacy and international relations, and cultural and intellectual developments.  

Online Practice Quizzes and Full Length tests 

Full length practice exam

Short practice quizzes on all topics with explanations at Khan Academy

AP context quizzes

 

Essays

  • The standard essay questions may require students to relate developments in different areas (e.g., the political implications of an economic issue), to analyze common themes in different time periods (e.g., the concept of national interest in U.S. foreign policy), or to compare individual or group experiences that reflect socioeconomic, ethnic, racial, or gender differences (e.g., social mobility and cultural pluralism). Although historiography is not emphasized in the exam, students are expected to have a general understanding of key interpretations of major historical events. When questions based on literary materials are included, the emphasis will not be on literature as art but rather on its relation to politics, social and economic life, or related cultural and intellectual movements. 

  • Answers to standard essay questions will be judged on the strength of the thesis developed, the quality of the historical argument, and the evidence offered in support of the argument, rather than on the factual information per se. Unless a question asks otherwise, students will not be penalized for omitting one or another specific illustration.

  • The required DBQ differs from the standard essays in its emphasis on the ability to analyze and synthesize historical data and assess verbal, quantitative, or pictorial materials as historical evidence. Like the standard essay, however, the DBQ will also be judged on its thesis, argument, and supporting evidence.  The DBQ will typically require students to relate the documents to a historical period or theme and, thus, to focus on major periods and issues. For this reason,outside knowledge is very important and must be incorporated into the student’s essay if the highest scores are to be earned. It should be noted that the emphasis of the DBQ will be on analysis and synthesis, not historical narrative.

 

SOME RECENT DBQ TOPICS

2018: Evaluate the relative importance of different causes for the expanding role of the United States in the world in the period from 1865 to 1910.

2017: Evaluate the extent of change in ideas about American independence from 1763 to 1783.

2016: Explain the causes of the rise of a women’s rights movement in the period 1940-1975.

2015: Explain the reasons why a new conservatism rose to prominence in the United States between 1960 and 1989.

2014: How and why did the goals of United States foreign policy change from the end of the First World War (1918) to the end of the Korean War (1953)?

2013: Abolition from the Colonial Era to the Civil War

2012: Labor Unions in the Gilded Era

2011: Nixon Administration

2010: Colonial Puritans

2009: Causes of the Revolutionary War

2008: Vietnam War

2007: Changing role of agriculture in the Gilded Era

2006: Role of women from Revolutionary War "republican motherhood" to the Nationalism "cult of domesticity" 

2005: The American Revolution and Changes to American Society

 

SOME RECENT LEQ TOPICS

2018:

Evaluate the extent to which commercial exchange systems such as mercantilism fostered change in the British North American economy in the period from 1660 to 1775.

Evaluate the extent to which the Civil War fostered change in the United States economy in the period from 1861 to 1900.

Evaluate the extent to which scientific or technological innovation changed the United States economy in the period from 1950 to 2000.

2017:

Evaluate the extent to which the market revolution marked a turning point in women's lives in the United States. In the development of your argument, explain what changed and what stayed the same for women as a result of the market revolution within the period 1800-1850.

Evaluate the extent to which the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which guaranteed women the right to vote, marked a turning point in United Sates women’s history. In the development of your argument, explain what changed and what stayed the same from the period immediately before the ratification of the amendment (1865-1920) to the period immediately after (1920-1940).

2016:

Evaluate the extent to which the ratification of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution marked a turning point in the history of United States politics and society. 

Evaluate the extent to which United States participation in the First World War (1917–1918) marked a turning point in the nation’s role in world affairs.

2015:

Evaluate the extent to which the Seven Years' War (French and Indian War, 1754–1763) marked a turning point in American relations with Great Britain, analyzing what changed and what stayed the same from the period before the war to the period after it.

Evaluate the extent to which the Mexican-American War (1846–1848) marked a turning point in the debate over slavery in the United States, analyzing what changed and what stayed the same from the period before the war to the period after it.

2014:

Choose TWO of the following and analyze their impact on colonial North American development between 1620 and 1776.

o   Puritanism
o   The Enlightenment
o   The First Great Awakening

Compare and contrast the Jacksonian Democratic Party and the Whig Party of the 1830's and 1840's. Focus on TWO of the following.

o   The role of the federal government in the economy
o   Social reform
o   Westward expansion

To what extent were the goals of Reconstruction (1865–1877) regarding African Americans achieved by 1900?

Explain the social, economic, and foreign policy goals of New Right conservatives from the 1960's to the 1980's and assess the degree to which the Reagan administration succeeded in implementing these goals in the 1980's.

2013:

Analyze the role of trans-Atlantic trade and Great Britain’s mercantilist policies in the economic development of the British North American colonies in the period from 1650 to 1750.

Analyze the ways in which the United States sought to advance its interests in world affairs between 1789 and 1823.

Analyze the impact of technological innovations on the lives of TWO of the following groups. Confine your answer to the period 1865–1920: Factory workers, Middle-class urban residents, Mid-western farmers.

Between 1945 and 1975 various groups in the United States engaged in acts of protest. Analyze the reasons that protest emerged in this period for TWO of the following groups

o   African Americans
o   College students
o   Latino Americans
o   Women

2012: 

Analyze the effect of the French and Indian War and its aftermath on the relationship between Great Britain and the British colonies. Confine your response to the period from 1754 to 1776.

Analyze how western expansion contributed to growing sectional tensions between the North and the South. Confine your answer to the period from 1800 to 1850.

Analyze the origins and outcomes of the intense cultural conflicts of the 1920's. In your response, focus on TWO of the following.

o   Immigration
o   Prohibition
o   Religion

Compare and contrast the Cold War foreign policies of TWO of the following presidents.

o   Harry Truman (1945–1953)
o   Dwight Eisenhower (1953–1961)
o   Richard Nixon (1969–1974)

 

SOME RECENT SAQ TOPICS

2018:

Answer (a), (b), and (c). Confine your response to the period from 1500 to 1750.

a) Briefly describe ONE specific historical difference between the role of religion in Spanish colonization and in the colonization of New England.

b) Briefly describe ONE specific historical similarity between the role of religion in Spanish colonization and in the colonization of New England.

c) Briefly explain ONE specific historical effect of religion on the development of society in either the Spanish colonies or the New England colonies.

 

“Although eighteenth-century America was predominantly a rural, agricultural society, its seaboard commercial cities were the cutting edge of economic, social, and political change. . . . In America, it was in the colonial cities that the transition first occurred from a barter economy to a commercial one. . . . The cities predicted the future. . . . Urban people, at a certain point in the preindustrial era, upset the equilibrium of an older system of social relations and turned the seaport towns into crucibles of revolutionary agitation.” Gary B. Nash, historian, The Urban Crucible, 1986

“The colonist’s attitudes toward civil uprising were part of a broader Anglo-American political tradition. In the course of the eighteenth century, colonists became increasingly interested in the ideas of 17th-century English revolutionaries . . . and the later writers who carried on and developed this tradition. . . . By the 1760s . . . this . . . tradition provided a strong unifying element between colonists North and South. It offered, too, a corpus of ideas about public authority and popular political responsibilities that shaped the American revolutionary movement. Spokesmen for this English revolutionary tradition were distinguished in the 18th century above all by their outspoken defense of the people’s right to rise up against their rulers.” Pauline Maier, historian, From Resistance to Revolution, 1991

Using the excerpts above, answer (a), (b), and (c).

a) Briefly describe ONE major difference between Nash’s and Maier’s historical interpretations of the origins of the American Revolution.

b) Briefly explain how ONE specific historical event or development from the period 1754 to 1800 that is not explicitly mentioned in the excerpts could be used to support Nash’s argument.

c) Briefly explain how ONE specific historical event or development from the period 1754 to 1800 that is not explicitly mentioned in the excerpts could be used to support Maier’s argument.

 

The Progressive Era image above depicts President Theodore Roosevelt.

Using the image, answer (a), (b), and (c).

a) Briefly describe ONE perspective expressed by the artist about the role of government in society.

b) Briefly explain how ONE event or development led to the historical situation depicted in the image.

c) Briefly explain ONE specific outcome of Progressive Era debates about the role of government in society.

 

Answer (a), (b), and (c).

a) Briefly describe ONE specific historical difference between the internal migration patterns within the United States in the period 1910–1940 and the internal migration patterns in the period 1941–1980.

b) Briefly describe ONE specific historical similarity between the internal migration patterns in the period 1910–1940 and the internal migration patterns in the period 1941–1980.

c) Briefly explain ONE specific historical impact of the internal migration patterns in either period. 

 

 

2017:

Answer (a), (b), and (c).

a) Briefly describe ONE specific historical similarity between the women’s rights movement of the 1890s through the 1910s and the women’s rights movement of the 1960s through the 1970s.

b) Briefly describe ONE specific historical difference between the women’s rights movement of the 1890s through the 1910s and the women’s rights movement of the 1960s through the 1970s.

c) Briefly explain ONE specific historical reason for a difference between the women’s rights movement of the 1890s through the 1910s and the women’s rights movement of the 1960s through the 1970s.

 

Answer (a), (b), and (c). Confine your response to the period from 1785 to 1840. 

a) Briefly describe ONE specific historical similarity between the United States settlement of the Northwest Territory and the settlement of the land acquired through the Louisiana Purchase.

b) Briefly describe ONE specific historical difference between the United States settlement of the Northwest Territory and the settlement of the land acquired through the Louisiana Purchase.

c) Briefly explain ONE specific historical reason for a difference between the United States settlement of the Northwest Territory and the settlement of the land acquired through the Louisiana Purchase.

 

Answer (a), (b), and (c). 

a) Briefly explain how ONE specific historical development represents an accomplishment of the national government under the Articles of Confederation.

b) Briefly explain ONE specific argument critics used in the 1780s to support revising the Articles of Confederation.

c) Briefly explain ONE specific way in which the United States Constitution addresses a criticism of the Articles of Confederation.

 

Answer (a), (b), and (c). Confine your response to the period from 1785 to 1840. 

a) Briefly describe ONE specific historical similarity between the United States settlement of the Northwest Territory and the settlement of the land acquired through the Louisiana Purchase.

b) Briefly describe ONE specific historical difference between the United States settlement of the Northwest Territory and the settlement of the land acquired through the Louisiana Purchase.

c) Briefly explain ONE specific historical reason for a difference between the United States settlement of the Northwest Territory and the settlement of the land acquired through the Louisiana Purchase.

  

Image result for âKing Andrew the First,â 

 “King Andrew the First,” an image of President Andrew Jackson, 1833 

Using the image above, answer (a), (b), and (c) 

a) Briefly describe ONE perspective about politics in the 1830s expressed in the image.

b) Briefly explain ONE specific event or development that led to the perspective expressed in the image.

c) Briefly explain ONE specific effect of the political developments referenced by the image.

 

 

2016:

Answer (a), (b), and (c). 

a) Identify ONE factor that increased tensions between Great Britain and its North American colonies in the period 1763–1776, and briefly explain how this factor helped lead to the American Revolution.

b) Identify a SECOND distinct factor that increased tensions between Great Britain and its North American colonies in the same period, and briefly explain how this factor helped lead to the American Revolution.

c) Identify a THIRD distinct factor that increased tensions between Great Britain and its North American colonies in the same period, and briefly explain how this factor helped lead to the American Revolution.

 

Answer (a), (b), and (c). 

a) Briefly explain ONE important similarity between the goals of the Spanish and the English in establishing colonies in the Americas prior to 1700.

b) Briefly explain ONE important difference between the goals of the Spanish and the English in establishing colonies in the Americas prior to 1700.

c) Briefly explain ONE way in which the difference you indicated in (b) contributed to a difference in the development of Spanish and English colonial societies.

 

Using the graphs, answer (a), (b), and (c). 

a) Briefly explain how ONE major historical factor contributed to the change depicted on the graph.

b) Briefly explain ONE specific historical effect that resulted from the change depicted on the graph.

c) Briefly explain ANOTHER specific historical effect that resulted from the change depicted on the graph.

 

 

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