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Week 2 Review

Page history last edited by Cher McDonald 5 years, 1 month ago

Exam Review WEEK 2


Reading Assignments: 

  • See Calendar on Homepage

Review 1840s and 1850s.pdf

Review Am Art and Literature.pdf

Review Foreign Policy.pdf   

Review Civil War & Reconstruction.pdf 

Review Transforming the Nation.pdf

Review Reformers.pdf

Review Immigration.pdf

Review Imperialism to 1920s.pdf


Homework: Due on Tuesday April 28th.

  1. Define 10 of the major themes or terms from EACH Review Section that you are unfamiliar with, or uncertain about exactly what they are. Minimum 70 terms/themes. 
  2. Complete the Quiz at the end of each review section (Chapters 11-13) and be prepared to turn it in the day after you have read that review section. 
  3. Write ONE of the following FRQs.  Additional can be written for Extra Credit.

a. Analyze the social, political, and economic forces of the 1840s and early 1850s that led to the emergence of the Republican Party.

b. Use TWO of the following categories to analyze the ways in which African Americans created a distinctive culture in slavery.

    • Family
    • Music
    • Oral traditions
    • Religions

c . To what extent did the debates about the Mexican War and its aftermath reflect the sectional interests of New Englanders, westerners, and southerners in the period from 1845 to 1855?

d. Explain why and how the role of the federal government changed as a result of the Civil War with respect to TWO of the following during the period 1861-1877:

    • Race Relations
    • Economic Development
    • Westward Expansion

     4. Write one DBQ.  The choices are below. Additional DBQs can be written for Extra Credit.

FDR DBQ New.pdf

Immigration DBQ New.pdf

Agriculture DBQ New.pdf

Revolutionary War DBQ new.pdf


  5. Complete and correct Multiple Choice Practice Test 1 in your review book. 



#1 Princeton Review Chapter 9 (2nd half) Antebellum Reform 


  • Transcendentalism: why, what was it, leaders.
  • Reform characterized by perfectionism, distrust of established institutions, and uncompromising impatience.
  • Hudson River School of Painting and a unique American culture [art, literature, education]
  • Compare the First and Second Great Awakenings.
  • Strengths and weaknesses of democracy as illustrated by abolitionism and the women’s movement.


  • Second Great Awakening
  • Joseph Smith
  • Brigham Young
  • Romanticism
  • Transcendentalism
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • Henry David Thoreau
  • Brook Farm
  • Shakers
  • Oneida Community
  • Joseph Henry Noyes
  • Thomas Cole
  • Frederick Church
  • Hudson River School
  • Washington Irving
  • James Fennimore Cooper
  • Nathanial Hawthorne
  • Temperance
  • Dorothea Dix
  • Horace Mann
  • McGuffey Reader
  • Grimke Sisters
  • Lucretia Mott
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Seneca Falls Convention 1848
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • William Lloyd Garrison
  • The Liberator
  • Frederick Douglass
  • Harriet Tubman
  • Sojourner Truth
  • David Walker
  • Amelia Bloomer

#2 Princeton Review Chapter 11 - 1830s-1860: Westward Expansion & Sectionalism (William H. Harrison, Tyler, Polk, Taylor, Fillmore, Pierce, Buchanan)


  • Principles that caused territorial expansion between 1815 and 1860.
  • Trace sectionalism from 1810-1850 through the careers of Clay, Calhoun, and Webster.
  • Manifest Destiny and the road to war.
  • Impact of Manifest Destiny on both foreign affairs and domestic politics.
  • Why was Oregon annexed peacefully, but not Texas?


  • Whigs
  • Manifest Destiny
  • Stephen Austin
  • Sam Houston
  • Santa Ana
  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty 1842
  • Gold Rush
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Fugitive Slave Law
  • Underground Railroad
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Hinton R. Helper
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
  • Know-Nothings
  • Commodore Matthew Perry 1853
  • 54° 40’ Or Fight!
  • Mexican War (1846-1848)
  • John C. Fremont
  • Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo 1848
  • Wilmot Proviso
  • Free Soilers
  • Gadsden Purchase 1853
  • Popular sovereignty
  • “Bleeding Kansas”
  • John Brown
  • Harper’s Ferry, VA
  • Sumner-Brooks
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford 1857
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates 1858
  • A House Divided
  • Freeport Doctrine
  • Crittenden Compromise 1860

#3 Civil War & Reconstruction (Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Grant, Hayes)


  • Slavery from the viewpoint of the slave, the slaveholder, and the non-slaveholding white Southerner.
  • The issue of slavery in the territories and slavery as a threat to white Northern labor.
  • Compare the black struggle to achieve freedom with the abolitionist struggle to free slaves.
  • African American experience in the North: 1790-1860.  Major developments between 1865 and 1912.
  • The Civil War began with the Mexican War!?
  • Northerners objected not to slaves but to the political and economic power and influence slavery gave the slaveholder in the national government.
  • Event, person, or place as a symbol of North-South division, such as Bleeding Kansas, John Brown, or the Crittenden Compromise.
  • North-South economic differences before the Civil War that continued unresolved after it.
  • The 1850s-->a decade of political sectionalism and economic nationalism.
  • Role of the Supreme Court in the Civil War and Reconstruction.
  • Breakdown of both the Whig and Democratic parties in the 1850s and rise of the third party system.
  • States’ rights from 1790-1860 for all three sections.
  • Civil War triumph of American democracy over European aristocracy (“slaveocracy”).
  • When did the Civil War become inevitable and why?
  • What causes of the Civil War were resolved by the Civil War and Reconstruction?
  • The issues of the Civil War were similar to those of the American Revolution.
  • Accomplishments and failures of Reconstruction.  Compare the social and political gains made by Blacks during Reconstruction with those during the second Reconstruction, and during the 1950s and 1960s.


  • Fort Sumter
  • Jefferson Davis
  • Anaconda Plan
  • George McClellan
  • Bull Run / Antietam
  • Merrimac & Monitor
  • Gettysburg
  • 13th Amendment
  • Emancipation Proclamation 1863
  • Sherman’s “March to the Sea”
  • Sherman’s Field Order #15
  • Appomattox
  • Copperheads
  • Greenbacks
  • Morrill Tariff Act 1861
  • Homestead Act 1862
  • Morrill Land Grant Act 1862
  • Ex Parte Milligan
  • 10% Plan / Pres. Reconstruction
  • Wade-Davis Bill 1864
  • Freedman’s Bureau
  • Black Codes
  • Radical (Congressional) Reconstruction
  • Civil Rights Act (1866)
  • 14th, 15th, 16th Amendments
  • Tenure of Office Act 1867
  • Scalawag
  • Carpetbagger
  • Crop lien system
  • “Waving the Bloody Shirt”
  • Credit Mobilier
  • Panic of 1873 /“Crime of ‘73”
  • Redeemers
  • KKK
  • Compromise of 1877

#4 Closing the Frontier & the New South


  • Why was the Great Plains settled last?
  • What brought a speedy end to the frontier?
  • Economic and political consequences of the closing of the frontier.
  • Theories of Frederick Jackson Turner--> The “myth” of the frontier in American culture and how did it influence American character?
  • Evolution of federal land policy toward Indians to 1924.
  • Farmers versus the railroads and industry.


  • Sand Creek Massacre (1864)
  • Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
  • Frederick Jackson Turner
  • George A. Custer
  • Little Big Horn
  • Chief Joseph
  • Helen Hunt Jackson
  • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
  • Grandfather clause
  • Ida B. Wells
  • Booker T. Washington
  • W. E. B. DuBois
  • Granger Laws
  • Munn v. Illinois (1876)
  • Dawes Severalty Act (1887)
  • Ghost Dance
  • Wounded Knee, SD
  • George Washington Carver
  • Tuskegee Institute
  • Jim Crow
  • Civil Rights Cases of 1883
  • Interstate Commerce Act (1886)
  • National Alliance
  • Populism
  • Omaha Platform
  • Hard money vs. Soft money

#5 Princeton Review Chapter 12 - Big Business, Big Labor, & Big Cities (Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison, Cleveland, McKinley)


  • Compare and contrast the Democratic and Republican Parties: base of support, policies, successes, etc.
  • Changes in the economy from 1865-1900 in transportation, agriculture, labor force, and industry.
  • Rise of corporations, trusts, pools, and holding companies.
  • Factors that promoted industrialization.
  • Trace shifting Supreme Court decisions in regard to the regulation of railroads and industry.
  • This period as one of governmental intervention in the economy, NOT of laissez-faire.
  • The role and significance of technological innovations.
  • The 1890s as a decade of economic, political, and social crises.
  • Characteristics of different labor unions --> NLU, Knights of Labor, AFL, ARU—differences, successes, failures, leaders, reasons for directions they took.
  • Changing workplace conditions: wages, hours, safety.
  • Compare and contrast the Haymarket Square riot, the Homestead strike, and the Pullman strike.
  • Attitude of government, state and federal, toward labor unions to 1914.
  • Gilded Age as an era of “conspicuous consumption” [Thorstein Veblen’s phrase].
  • Reformers’ attempts to address problems of poverty, housing, and health.
  • Municipal governments --> why were they so bad? Why so frustrating to reformers?
  • Women’s Movement: 1848-1920.
  • Churches’ attack on social and economic problems.
  • Social Gospel as a religious movement.
  • Darwinism and church leaders.
  • Reactions to immigration: pre-Civil War versus Civil War to 1920s.
  • Urbanization reflected in art and literature.
  • Compare and contrast the treatment of immigrants, Blacks, and Indians during this post-Civil War era.
  • Southern whites reestablished political control after Reconstruction and modernized the Southern economy and rise of Jim Crow laws.
  • Booker T. Washington vs. W. E. B. DuBois.
  • Problems facing farmers.  Populism urged political solutions to economic problems.
  • Why did Populism fail, or did it?
  • Compare and contrast the Grange, the Farmers’ Alliance, and Populism.


  • Gilded Age
  • Robber Barons
  • Cornelius Vanderbilt
  • Jay Gould
  • Andrew Carnegie
  • John D. Rockefeller
  • Sherman Antitrust Act 1890
  • U. S. v. E. C. Knight 1890
  • Social Darwinism
  • Gospel of Wealth
  • Thomas Edison
  • Horatio Alger
  • Yellow-dog contract
  • Open shop vs. Closed shop
  • Railroad Strike of 1877
  • Knights of Labor
  • Haymarket Riot 1886
  • AFL
  • Samuel Gompers
  • Homestead Strike 1892
  • Pullman Strike 1894
  • Eugene Debs
  • Boss Tweed
  • Thomas Nast
  • Henry George
  • Jacob Riis
  • Edward Bellamy
  • Settlement Movement
  • Jane Addams
  • Social Gospel
  • Carry Nation
  • Louis Sullivan
  • Chicago School of Architecture
  • William Lloyd Wright
  • “Melting Pot” theory
  • Pendleton Act 1885
  • Sherman Silver Purchase Act 1890
  • Panic of 1893
  • Coxey’s Army
  • William Jennings Bryan
  •  “Cross of Gold”

#6 America Imperialism (McKinley, Teddy Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson)


  • Organize U. S. foreign policy from 1870-1920 by: (1) geographic region-->Far East, Latin America, Caribbean, Europe; (2) American motives-->economic, moral, Monroe Doctrine, balance of power among European nations, dominance in the Caribbean; (3) influence of domestic policies on foreign policy.
  • Imperialism: characteristics, sources, nature, causes, impact, results, compared to European imperialism.
  • Link-->Reconstruction, Populism, and Imperialism.
  • Compare and contrast the old and the new Manifest Destiny.
  • U. S. policy toward Mexico and Cuba, 1890s-1930s.
  • Roosevelt’s foreign policy. vs. Wilson’s foreign policy.


  • Treaty of Kanagawa
  • “Seward’s Folly”
  • Alfred Thayer Mahan
  • Jingoism
  • Yellow journalism
  • William Randolph Hearst
  • Spanish-American War (1898)
  • De Lome Letter
  • Rough Riders
  • Remember the Maine, to Hell with Spain!
  • Teller Amendment
  • Queen Liliuokalani
  • Emilio Aguinaldo
  • “White Man’s Burden”
  • Anti-Imperialist League
  • Insular cases
  • Platt Amendment
  • Open Door Policy
  • Boxer Rebellion
  • “Big Stick” policy
  • Roosevelt Corollary
  • Panama Canal
  • Gentleman’s Agreement
  • Treaty of Portsmouth 1905
  • “Dollar Diplomacy”
  • Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr.
  • Jones Act 1916
  • “Moral Diplomacy”
  • Pancho Villa
  • John J. Pershing

#7 Princeton Review Chapter 13 - America Becomes A Global Power: 1900-1920s


  • Causes of U. S. entry into World War I and its attempts to remain neutral.

  • Defeat of the Versailles Treaty: immediate and long-term consequences.
  • War and the threat of war united and divided Americans in the 1898-1920s period.
  • Compare and contrast the Populist and Progressive movements.
  • Goals of Progressivism: successes, failures.
  • Progressivism as the “have-nots” vs.  the “haves”: role of labor unions, immigrants, Blacks, women, and urban poor.
  • Corporations and unions both wanted governmental protection but not governmental regulation.
  • Trace the regulation of big business and court interpretations from the Interstate Commerce Act to U. S. v. U. S. Steel Corp. in 1920.
  • Supreme Court interpretations and changing economic and social conditions, 1890-1920.
  • Significant elections: 1900, 1912, 1920.
  • Compare and contrast the programs and administrations of Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and William Howard Taft: banking, railroads, trusts, tariffs, etc.
  • World War I both helped and hurt Blacks and labor.
  • Compare the domestic impact of the First and Second World Wars.


  • Gentleman’s Agreement
  • Great White Fleet
  • Muckrakers
  • Jacob Riis [How the Other Half Lives]
  • Thorstein Veblen [The Theory of the Leisure Class]
  • Lincoln Steffens [The Shame of the Cities]
  • Ida Tarbell [History of Standard Oil Co.]
  • John Dewey [The School and Society]
  • Margaret Sanger
  • Progressive Amendments:  16th, 17th, 18th, 19th
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Co. fire
  • Anti-Saloon League
  • Square Deal
  • Newlands Reclamation Act 1902
  • Hepburn Act 1906
  • “Trustbuster”
  • Meat Inspection Act / Upton Sinclair [The Jungle]
  • Pure Food and Drug Act
  • Panic of 1907
  • Wisconsin, Bob LaFollette
  • Ballinger-Pinchot controversy
  • “Dollar Diplomacy”
  • Bull Moose Party / Roosevelt’s Osawatomie, KS speech
  • New Freedom
  • New Nationalism
  • Socialist Party / IWW “Wobblies”
  • “Big Bill” Haywood
  • Federal Reserve Act 1913
  • Jones Act (Philippines), 1916
  • Jones Act (Puerto Rico), 1917
  • Pancho Villa
  • General John Pershing
  • Lusitania
  • Zimmerman Note
  • War Industries Board
  • Espionage Act 1917/ Sedition Act 1918
  • Selective Service
  • Fourteen Points
  • Versailles Treaty
  • Big Four
  • Collective security
  • Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
  • Red Scare / Palmer raids





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